AI and Algorithms in criminal justice: possibilities and ethical limits considering the case of Spain
Speaker: Fernando Miró-Llinares, Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, Director of Criminal Research Center for Crime Prevention (Elche, Spain)
Time: Tuesday, 9 May 2023, 10:00 AM CET
In recent years, not only has the use of Artificial Intelligence in the police and criminal justice fields increased, but concern about this use of tools has also grown significantly, extending to other algorithms that were previously used to support decision-making. of the police and judges. In the paper, we will analyze what is meant when we use terms such as algorithmic justice or predictive sentencing, we will try to describe the main types of tools already existing in this field and we will analyze the possibilities of their use and their ethical risks, paying special attention to attention to some of those already used in criminal justice in Spain, particularly Viogen, for police use, and RisCanvi, for prison use.
The seminar will be broadcasted via Zoom application. Participation is subject to prior registration. The Zoom link of the event will be sent to registered participants via email.
Dr Fernando MIRÓ LLINARES (1974) is director of the CRÍMINA Centre for the study and prevention of crime since its creation in 2011 and Professor of Criminal Law at the Miguel Hernández University of Elche (Spain) since 2017, where he has been teaching and doing research for more than 20 years after two initial years as a researcher at the University of Alicante (Spain). He is co-founder of the company Plus Ethics and president of SEIC (Spanish Society of Criminological Research). He has been appointed "General Rapporteur" on "Artificial Intelligence and Criminal Justice" for the "XXI International Congress on Criminal Law AIDP-IAPL" organised by the International Association of Penal Law (AIDP). He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the European Society of Criminology, as well as an expert for the Council of Europe to work on an international recommendation on the use of artificial intelligence in the penitentiary field. He has a research career of more than 30 research projects, being PI in more than 20, including more than 7 European projects. In addition, he has been PI of important projects in the national R&D plan, currently directing the Ius_Machina project on the use of Artificial Intelligence and algorithms in justice and prisons, and the #FakePenal project on the impact of social networks on public opinion on criminal law and criminal policy. He has also been a regular speaker at prestigious international conferences. He participated as a guest speaker for the presentation of the Artificial Intelligence software ModeRad to the European network of law enforcement agencies and professionals for the prevention of violent radicalisation "Radicalisation Awareness Network", as well as in the "Octopus Conference Cooperation Against Cybercrime" organised by the Council of Europe in which he participated as a representative of the Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American countries.